Montenegro Howto

Montenegro is located on the Balkan Peninsula in Southeast Europe. Its coordinates are approximately 42.7089° N latitude and 19.3744° E longitude. The country’s coastline stretches along the Adriatic Sea, providing breathtaking views and access to some of Europe’s most pristine beaches.


Montenegro’s geography is characterized by a diverse terrain that includes rugged mountains, deep canyons, lush forests, and picturesque coastlines. The climate varies from Mediterranean along the coast to continental in the interior, with hot, dry summers and mild, wet winters.


The country is home to a rich variety of fauna, including species such as brown bears, wolves, lynxes, chamois, and various bird species. The diverse ecosystems support a range of wildlife, making Montenegro a haven for nature enthusiasts and ecotourists.

Longest Rivers

Montenegro is traversed by several rivers, with the longest being the Moraca River, stretching approximately 113 kilometers. Other significant rivers include the Tara, Piva, and Lim rivers, all of which contribute to the country’s stunning natural landscapes.

Highest Mountains

The Montenegrin landscape is dominated by towering mountain ranges, with the highest peak being Bobotov Kuk in the Durmitor range, standing at an impressive 2,522 meters above sea level. Other notable peaks include Zla Kolata, Maglić, and Komovi, offering breathtaking vistas and opportunities for outdoor adventure.


Montenegro’s history spans millennia, from prehistoric settlements to modern statehood.


The earliest evidence of human habitation in the region dates back to the Paleolithic era, with archaeological sites revealing traces of early hunter-gatherer societies. Subsequent waves of migration and settlement shaped the cultural and ethnic landscape of the region.

Medieval Period

Montenegro emerged as a distinct political entity during the medieval period, with the establishment of the Principality of Zeta in the 9th century. Over the centuries, various ruling dynasties vied for control, leading to periods of instability and conflict.

Ottoman and Venetian Rule

During the Ottoman and Venetian periods, Montenegro experienced alternating periods of autonomy and subjugation. The country’s strategic location made it a target for competing regional powers, leading to centuries of struggle for independence and self-determination.

Modern Age

In the 19th and early 20th centuries, Montenegro played a pivotal role in the geopolitical dynamics of the Balkans, particularly during the Balkan Wars and World War I. Following the collapse of the Ottoman and Austro-Hungarian empires, Montenegro declared independence and subsequently joined the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.


Montenegro is a culturally diverse country with a population of approximately 620,000 people.

Ethnic Composition

The population is ethnically heterogeneous, with Montenegrins comprising the largest ethnic group, followed by Serbs, Bosniaks, Albanians, and others. This diversity contributes to the country’s rich cultural tapestry and vibrant social fabric.


The majority of Montenegrins adhere to Eastern Orthodox Christianity, with smaller Muslim and Catholic communities. Religious tolerance is enshrined in the country’s constitution, and religious diversity is celebrated as a fundamental aspect of Montenegrin identity.


The official language of Montenegro is Montenegrin, a standardized form of the Serbo-Croatian language. Albanian, Bosnian, and Serbian are also widely spoken, reflecting the country’s multicultural heritage.


Montenegro’s economy is primarily based on tourism, agriculture, and services. The country’s stunning natural landscapes, historic sites, and cultural attractions draw millions of visitors each year, contributing significantly to the national economy.

Administrative Divisions

Montenegro is divided into 24 municipalities, each with its own local government and administrative structure. The largest municipalities by population include Podgorica, Nikšić, and Budva.

List of Administrative Divisions:

  1. Podgorica – Population: 200,000
  2. Nikšić – Population: 72,000
  3. Budva – Population: 19,000
  4. Bar – Population: 18,000
  5. Herceg Novi – Population: 12,000

10 Largest Cities by Population

Montenegro’s largest cities by population include Podgorica, Nikšić, and Budva. These urban centers serve as economic, cultural, and administrative hubs, playing a central role in the country’s development and growth.

  1. Podgorica – Population: 200,000
  2. Nikšić – Population: 72,000
  3. Budva – Population: 19,000
  4. Bar – Population: 18,000
  5. Herceg Novi – Population: 12,000

Education Systems

Montenegro offers free and compulsory education for children aged 6 to 15, encompassing primary and lower secondary education. Higher education is provided through a network of universities and colleges, with the University of Montenegro being the largest and most prestigious institution.

Top Universities:

  1. University of Montenegro
  2. Mediterranean University
  3. University Donja Gorica
  4. Transportation

Montenegro has a well-developed transportation infrastructure that includes airports, railways, highways, and ports, facilitating domestic and international travel and trade.


Montenegro has five airports, with Podgorica Airport and Tivat Airport being the largest and busiest.


The country has a total railway length of approximately 250 kilometers, with connections to neighboring countries such as Serbia and Bosnia and Herzegovina.


Montenegro has a network of highways totaling approximately 1,500 kilometers, including the Adriatic Highway and the Bar-Boljare Highway.


The Port of Bar is the largest seaport in Montenegro, serving as a key transportation hub for maritime trade and commerce.

Country Facts

  • Population: 620,000
  • Capital: Podgorica
  • Language: Montenegrin
  • Religion: Eastern Orthodox Christianity
  • Race: Multicultural
  • Currency: Euro (EUR)
  • ISO Country Codes: ME, MNE
  • International Calling Code: +382
  • Top-Level Domain: .me